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Wood Destroying Insects & Organisms

About Wood Destroying Insects & Organisms

There are many types of wood destroying organisms, but there are only a few that are of structural significance. Those wood destroying organisms that are of structural significance are split into two categories wood destroying insects and wood decay fungi.

Wood destroying insects themselves fall into two categories: re-infesting and non-re-infesting.

Non-re-infesting Insects

Non-re-infesting insects cause limited and usually inconsequential damage. Damage is limited to the insects currently infesting the wood. They do not produce offspring that will continue to infest and damage the wood. Once the infesting insects have completed their life cycle, the infestation ends, and the damage stops. They are therefore of limited to low structural significance.

Re-infesting Insects

Re-infesting insects have offspring that will then continue to infest the structure, allowing the wood damage to progress and spread. They are usually of high structural significance. These include termites, powder post beetles, old house boring beetles, carpenter bees, and carpenter ants.


Wood-Destroying Organisms & WDIRs

Finding Out If Your Property Has Wood Destroying Organisms

There are two types of termite & wood destroying organism inspections that can be offered to property owners concerned about wood destroying organisms: informal inspections and formal inspections, often known as WDIRs.

Informal Inspections

Informal wood destroying organism inspections (often referred to as termite or pest inspections) offer allow a broader spectrum of reporting than formal inspections and can only be performed on properties not for sale. The inspector will check for moisture conditions, presence or absence of wood decay fungus, conducive conditions, the presence or absence of wood destroying insects (such as termites, powder post beetles, old house boring beetles, etc.) or evidence that they have been there, and/or other pest issues. This sort of inspection is usually ordered for the peace of mind of the property owner and allows problems to be taken care of quickly if they are found. used to identify any obvious issues with wood destroying insects or to identify conditions conducive to them.

Why wait, find out now! We at Adam's Pest Solutions offer free informal inspections of properties not listed for sale.


Formal Inspections or WDIRs

In North Carolina, formal wood destroying insect inspections are often referred to as WDIRs. They are the only kind of inspection that can be offered for a structure that is for sale and are written on an official WDIR 100 form. The purpose of this report is to inform an owner and/or buyer of residential property the status of the property with regards to wood destroying insects as well as what conditions, if any exist, that may be conducive to wood destroying insects. A lender often requires this document to be produced at closing. The inspection should be from attic to crawlspace/basement, with every room inspected. The scope of the report is limited by NC law to wood destroying insects only. Wood decay fungi cannot be reported, nor the presence of other insects that are not wood destroying insects. Reporting of activity is limited in scope to those on, in, or under the structure. That is why these inspections are best paired with a home inspection from a qualified home inspector. We can recommend one, or will happily work with one you've already chosen, so you can get the best inspection possible.

We at Adam's Pest Solutions offer the best WDIR inspections at reasonable rates.
Call now for a free quote!


About Termites

Every year termites cause billions of dollars in structural damage.

There are seven different types of termites existent worldwide. Of those, there are only three families that are of structural significance in the United States. These are the subterranean termites (Rhinotermitidae), the drywood termites (kalotermitidae), and the damp wood termites (termopsidae). Of those, there is only one that is commonly of structural importance in North Carolina; the Subterranean Termite.

Subterranean Termite

Subterranean Termites

Most subterranean termite colonies consist of three different castes or types of termites: the reproductive caste, the soldier caste, and the worker caste.

The reproductive caste consists of the king, the queen, supplementary reproductives and the alates. Their job is to produce more termites or start new colonies. Most people only encounter the alates. These are winged termites, and while most termites are lacking pigment and white in color, these are pigmented and dark in color. This pigmentation helps protect them from the UV rays of the sun, so they can perform the one job they were created for. That job is to fly as far from the current colony as they can, pair up and start a new colony.

The soldier termites have larger heads with noticeably enlarged mandibles and perform one function: to protect the workers and the colony from predators.

The workers are white and perform all the work, including consuming wood and feeding it to the rest of the colony. They are the ones that cause all the damage. They are constantly moving up, entering the wood, feeding, and then moving back down into the ground to feed the other termites by means regurgitation, also called trophallaxis.

There are statistics on the rate at which a specific species of termite colony feeds; however, these are misleading as they are "sterile" numbers. That is to say, the data was collected under specific conditions that don't always exist in the field. The rate at which damage occurs is affected by the ambient temperature, colony size, how many competing food sources there are, number of colonies infesting the structure, species/hardness of wood, wood moisture content, etc. Treatment typically involves treating the soil they pass through, using baits, adding exclusion devices to prevent access, or treating the wood itself.

About Termite Treatments - Protecting Your Property from Termites


Every pest control business in the state is supposed to treat termites the same way, but this does not always occur. Some companies water down their chemicals in an effort to save money; some technicians are careless, undertrained, or simply lazy when it comes application of the termiticides. Adam has been treating termites for more than 15 years. He is Certified by Clemson University as a Master Termite Technician. He is one of a very select few certified Master Termite Technicians in North Carolina. He personally trains each technician to his exacting standards and oversees each termite treatment.

So you can trust Adam's Pest Solutions to do it the right way, by the book, every time!

Pre-Construction Termite Treatments

Protecting Your Property Before Construction is Complete

By law, all structures built in North Carolina require a pre-construction preventative termite treatment. There are four types of preconstruction treatments accepted in the state: liquid pre-treatments, borate pre-treatments, baiting system pre-treatments, and Termimesh termite barriers.

Pre-construction treatments are usually performed by builders, contractors, and occasionally the future owners themselves. The treatment varies slightly depending on the type of construction: crawlspace, slab, basement, stilt, or a combination of those.

Knowing how to perform a proper treatment, whether it is on a simple addition or detached building like a garage, residential home, or even a large commercial building or complex, is essential for proper control and minimizing costs.

We are dependable, professional, and offer competitive rates.
Call Adam's Pest Solutions today!

Post-Construction Termite Treatments

Protecting Your Property After Construction is Complete

There are two types of post-construction treatments accepted in North Carolina: Baiting Systems and Liquid Treatments.

Baiting Systems

Baiting systems usually involve the installation of bait stations below ground with a top access port at or near grade and are placed around the structure(s) at regular intervals. They work by intercepting foraging termites and ultimately enticing them to consume and share bait impregnated with a termiticide. They are a great option for companies who are or looking to be LEED certified (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design).

There are several different systems to choose from. Each operates slightly differently from the others, and each has its pluses and minuses.

termite bait station

Liquid Treatments

Liquid Termite Treatments

Liquid treatments, unlike bait stations, provide a physical barrier to termites. There are a variety of liquid termiticides that offer different modes of action and different minimum lifespans. Some repel termites without actually killing them, while some kill the entire colony. Some last 5 years, others a decade or more. Costs of termiticides can vary greatly in price, usually with the longer lasting, most effective products costing more.

Choosing the right Termiticide

Some companies will offer you a choice of products; others don't. Understanding what you're buying is critical to making an intelligent choice. Don't let a company choose for you; most of the time, the company will pick is what is best for them, not you. We at Adam's Pest Solutions always educate our customers about the different options, and we do so in simple, easy-to-understand language, so you can make an educated choice. Understanding what you are getting for your dollar is essential when deciding on a treatment.

Keep in mind, too, that some companies will continue to make yearly inspections and collect their yearly fee long after the termiticide protecting the structure has worn off. When outbreaks do occur under the warranty, they simply treat that area without retreating the whole structure. When damage does occur, often these companies often don't willingly pay for damages and may even have exclusions so that they don't have to. Just treating the area may be fine if the termite barrier is intact. However, if there is no barrier, it is a substandard method of treatment. It is like patching a hole in a tire, which works fine as long as you have a tire. But what good is a patch if there is no tire?

On the other hand, we at Adam's Pest Solutions always inform our customers when the termiticide has reached its minimum lifespan and offer to renew their barrier. We give you the tools you need to keep your property protected from termites, today and long into the future. So make the right choice, and give us a call today!

Get it done right! Get it done Professionally! Call Adam's Pest Solutions Today!

Wood Infesting Beetle Control

Protecting Your Property After Construction is Complete

powderpost beetle damage

Left unchecked some wood infesting beetles can cause extensive damage to the structure of houses and commercial buildings.

There are many kinds of wood infesting beetles, and while they all technically destroy the wood they infest, only a few cause damage extensive enough to compromise the structural integrity of the house or building they infest. This is because some species will produce offspring that will continue to re-infest a building or home year after year, while others do not.

Having a professional who is able to look at the evidence and determine what caused it can help save you thousands in repairs or unnecessary treatments. Power post beetles and old house boring beetles are the two most common types of re-infesting beetles and can cause crippling damage to the wooden members of the structure. Because the majority of the beetle evidence is confined to the attic or crawlspace most people don't realize they have a problem until it's too late. We here at Adam's Pest Solutions know how to recognize and treat these infestations. call for your free inspection today!

carpenter ant

Carpenter Ant Control

Eliminating the main nest where the queen resides is key to effective treatment.

Carpenter ant colonies have a single queen who resides with the main colony. Eliminating her is the key to eliminating the colony. Since adults require the brood (larval ants) to be able to digest food, without eggs to hatch into brood, the adults cannot survive. Finding her can be tricky though. Carpenter ants often form multiple satellite colonies in addition to the main colony, and while the satellite colonies may contain brood, they won't contain the queen. Getting the right product to the right place requires knowledge and expertise.

Call Adam's Pest Solutions Today! Our highly skilled technicians are trained in the art of treating for and eliminating Carpenter Ants

Carpenter Bee Control

Bumblebee or Carpenter Bee?

If you have been in North Carolina for more than 15 minutes you have probably seen a large fuzzy looking bee here and there, circling and hovering around any backyard deck of any house on any street in the state. Your first thought would be "Bumblebee" But, you would be wrong.

Carpenter Bee

Learning the difference between Carpender Bees and Bumblbees is easy but getting rid of them isnt so simple. Over time, carpenter bees can cause extensive damage to the wood they infest. Most often the extent of the damage is hidden from view with only the entry hole visible, which is usually about a ½ inch in diameter and perfectly round. The carpenter bee galleries, while hidden from sight, will grow a half foot in length annually, and new galleries may be created above the old galleries. The affected wood, if left untreated, will eventually become structurally unsound.

Successfully treating a carpenter bee infestation is a two-step process: the initial treatment, which consists of treating the structure and the galleries and sealing up entry points; and the semi-annual maintenance treatments to prevent reoccurrence. Alternatively, the affected member can be replaced with less attractive materials or protective coatings.

This where Adam's Pest Solutions comes in. Call Adam now to schedule the initial treatment and the semi-annual maintenance to prevent reoccurrence. You'll be glad you did!

This where Adam's Pest Solutions comes in. Call Adam now to schedule the initial treatment and the semi-annual maintenance to prevent reoccurrence. You'll be glad you did!

Wood Decay Fungi

Wood decay fungi get much less press than termites, but depending on the fungus, wood decay fungi can cause as much damage as termites at twice the rate.

Certain species of wood decay fungi, like Meruliporia incrassata (aka poria) or Serpula lacrymans, can consume a house in as little as 2 years.

Wood decay fungi fall into two main categories: water-conducting fungi and non-water-conducting.

Non-water-conducting fungi must have wood with a high wood moisture content to grow and spread. Lowering the wood moisture content will cause the fungus to cease to grow and spread. For most structures affected by wood decay fungi, reducing and controlling the wood moisture content is the best method for stopping the fungus in its tracks and keeping it from recurring. Determining and eliminating the source of the moisture is the best method to stopping most fungus. (see Moisture Control)

Water-conducting fungi like Meruliporia incrassata or Surpula lacrymans on the other hand do not require wood to have a native high wood moisture content to grow and spread. These fungi can translocate water/moisture from areas of high concentration to low concentration through a series of root-like structures call rhizomorphs. Controlling these types of fungi require a more extensive remediation than simply controlling the native moisture. In North Carolina, only individuals with a W-phase pest control license can treat the wood members with borate products used to kill and protect the wood from wood decay fungus

You CAN Fight Back!

Most of these types of infestations often go unnoticed until it's too late. We at Adam's Pest Solutions offer FREE wood destroying organism inspections for all structures not listed for sale. So, don't wait until it's too late call us today for your free home inspection.

Below are some images of what are called "Termite Tubes". These are sealed pathways that the termites make between the ground and your property. They are often not seen as they can enter from the ground directly into wooden beams or even cinder blocks. This is why just a visual inspection is not sufficent for true detection.

Some of these tubes are more than 2 feet long!